The B vitamin family is made up of eight vitamins. All B vitamins are water soluble, meaning the body does not store them.
Although they are commonly recognized as a group and often work together in the body, each of the B vitamins performs unique and important functions.
These vitamins help the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. They also help form red blood cells.
To help you better understand the roles of each of the B vitamins, we have put together a friendly guide to introduce you to each member of this important family of vitamins.
The B vitamins are
- B1 (thiamine)
- B2 (riboflavin)
- B3 (niacin)
- B5 (pantothenic acid)
- B6 (pyridoxin)
- B7 (biotin)
- B9 (folic acid)
- B12 (cyanocobalamin)
Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, dietary supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex.
Why some numbers missing in the B-vitamin numbering scheme?
Some substances that was thought to be vitamins were classified in the b-vitamin numbering scheme, but later it was later discovered that they were manufactured by the body or they were not essential for life, which are two essential qualifiers for vitamin. That is why those numbers (4, 8, 10, 11) no longer appear in the classification.